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Friday, October 21, 2022

Celebrate Deepavali/Diwali with caution: Know the common eye injuries caused by firecrackers

Celebrate Deepavali/Diwali with caution: Know the common eye injuries caused by firecrackers

Diwali/Diwali celebrations are all about diyas, crackers and sweets. Almost everyone loves crackers and certainly age is not a factor for bursting crackers. But extra care must be taken when handling fireworks to avoid injuries. This is the time when a large number of eye injuries are reported in the country every year and most of these eye injuries are caused by sparklers, bombs and 'chakra' crackers. Not only persons handling firecrackers, but also bystanders are at risk of eye injuries.

Wishing everyone a very Happy Diwali, Prof. Dr. S. Natarajan, Chief Vitreo Retinal Services, Dr. Agarwal Eye Hospital and Aditya Jyot Eye Hospital, Dr. Agarwal Eye Hospital, a unit of Mumbai, has asked people to be more careful during eruptions. Fireworks to avoid eye injuries. An expert has highlighted some common eye injuries associated with fireworks accidents.

How dangerous can Diwali crackers be?

Eye injury can range in severity from mild irritation and corneal abrasion to retinal complications and open globe injury leading to potential blindness. Chemical injuries are caused by the chemicals contained in gunpowder mixed with crackers. Smoke and fumes from crackers can cause irritation, watery eyes, laryngitis and other throat infections.

Sparklers are dangerous because they burn at temperatures hot enough to melt gold (1,800 F). That temperature is about 1,000 degrees hotter than the boiling point of water, hot enough to melt glass and cause third-degree burns to the skin. Necessary precautions must be taken to avoid such injuries.

Most fireworks contain gunpowder, which causes these devices to explode. Because firework explosions are unpredictable, injuries can occur even if a person is careful or under supervision. Pollution levels peak during Diwali, with nitrous oxide and sulfur dioxide levels rising significantly.

Also, the level of noise pollution exceeds permissible levels. Flowerpots and exploding firecrackers are full of multiple small particles that travel at high speeds and cause mechanical damage to tissues.

Contact lenses can cause eye irritation if exposed to direct heat for long periods of time. Therefore, contact lens wearers should be doubly careful when bursting firecrackers.

Eye injuries are commonly reported during Diwali

Dr. Natarajan pointed out some of the major eye injuries associated with firecrackers. This includes:

Open Globe Injury: Full thickness injury of the eye wall

Closed globe injury: Injury to the globe without full thickness

Injury: Bruising around the eye

Lamellar laceration: A partial thickness wound of the eye wall

Laceration: Full-thickness injury to the wall of the eye caused by a sharp object

Penetrating Injury: Open globe injury with entrance wound

Perforating injury: Open globe injury with entrance and exit wounds

According to experts, patients with closed eye injuries will be treated on an outpatient basis and open eye injuries, corneal and scleral tears, traumatic iridodialysis with hyphema, suspected intraocular foreign body (IOFB) and globe rupture will require further treatment. Management and monitoring.

Dos and don'ts to protect your eyes from injury

Do not rub your eyes or scratch your eyes.

Wash your eyes and face thoroughly.

In case of any irritation or foreign body in the eye, hold the eyelids open and flush the eyes continuously with water.

If a particle is large or stuck in the eye, do not try to remove it.

Close your eyes and go to an eye doctor.

If any chemical gets into the eyes, immediately irrigate the eyes and under the eyelids with water for 30 minutes. See an eye doctor immediately

Dos and Don'ts for Kids

Do not rub the affected eye as this may increase bleeding or worsen the injury.

Do not apply pressure on the affected eye. Catching or taping the eye to the bottom of a foam cup or juice carton are just two tips that can be followed.

Avoid using OTC medications that provide pain relief.

Never apply ointment. It becomes difficult for the doctor to diagnose and diagnose.

Never let children play with fireworks even with guidance and supervision

Safety tips to keep in mind while bursting firecrackers

Always burst crackers in the open, wear goggles, wash hands with clean water

Children should only be allowed to play with crackers under adult supervision. Do not take any injury lightly.

Keep a bucket of water and sand readily available for emergency fires.

Store fireworks in a closed box in a safe place, out of the reach of children

Keep firecrackers away from face, hair and clothing

Do not wear synthetic clothing while bursting crackers

Maintain a distance of one arm's length while bursting firecrackers and at least five meters while watching

Remove your contact lenses before going out for fireworks. Instead use spare glass to protect your eyes.

Diffuse used firecrackers properly by soaking them in a bucket of water before disposing of them

Always wear good slippers that will protect against accidental stamping of burnt crackers

"" સંપૂર્ણ વિગતો ગુજરાતી માં વાંચો 

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