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Monday, July 18, 2022

Explainer: How a G-7 ban on Russian gold would work

 Ex plainer: How a G-7 ban on the Russian gold would work

The Group of 7 countries will formally announce a ban on Russian gold imports in the latest round of sanctions over Vladimir Putin’s invasion of the Ukraine. Here's how a G-7 the Russian gold ban would work

Russia shows to have defaulted on its abroad debt for the first time since the year 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, and the US and its allies are taking motive at the former Soviet Union’s 2nd largest export industry after energy — gold.

On Tuesday, the Group of 7 countries will formally declare  a ban on Russian gold imports in the latest round of sanctions over Vladimir Putin’s invasion of the Ukraine.

The US says Russia has utilized gold to support its currency as a way to circumvent the impact of sanctions. One way to do that is by swapping gold for a more liquid foreign exchange that is not subject to present sanctions.

Some experts tell since only a few nations are implementing the gold ban, the move is largely symbolic, while others, containing those in the administration, say a ban on imports of Russian gold will target its capability to interact with the global financial system.

How a G-7 Russian gold ban would work:

How much gold does Russia have?

Secretary of State Antony Blinken told CNN on Sunday that since gold is Russia’s 2nd most lucrative export after energy and nearly 90% of the revenue comes from G-7 nations , “cutting that off, denying access to about $19 billion of revenues a year, that’s significant.”

“It can’t obtain what it needs to modernize its defense division , to modernize its technology, to modernize its energy exploration,” Blinken told.

Russia began improving its gold purchases in 2014, after the US launched sanctions on Russia for Putin’s invasion of Crimea. Now the nation holds $100 billion to $140 billion in gold reserves, which is roughly 20% of the holdings in the Russian Central Bank, as per US officials.

How would a gold ban work?

During Russia will still able to sell gold to other nations outside the Group of 7 jurisdiction, it will “impact the ability of Russia to earn export revenue,” tells Chris Weafer, a Russian economy analyst at consulting firm Macro-Advisory.

“It’s that high level of export receipts that is sustaining the nation  and sustaining the economy since sanctions were ratcheted up after the February 24th,” Weafer told.

In practice, it could outcome  in civil or criminal penalties on people who come from nations that have agreed on a gold ban from the Russia.

In practice, it could result in secondary sanctions on human  who trade with Russia also  the seizure of gold exports to nations  that have participated in the ban.

Swiss customs officials on Friday told they are tracking roughly 3 tons of Russian gold — worth more than $202 million — that entered Switzerland from the United Kingdom last month as they monitor probable violations of economic sanctions against the Russia.

What other measures have been made on gold trade?

In March, the US and its allies moved to block financial transactions with the Russia’s Central Bank that include gold, aiming to further restrict the nation’s ability to utilize its international reserves. That came after calls from members of Congress to restrict the Russia’s gold trade.

The Treasury Department launched guidance that American personals , containing gold dealers, distributors, wholesalers, purchasers , and financial institutions, are normally banned from buying, selling or facilitating gold-related transactions including  the Russia and the different parties that have been sanctioned.

.How will this move punish the Russia?

Such as the thousands of sanctions imposed on Russia via a variety of means, the gold import ban is meant to isolate Russia economically, hungry its funding arm and stop  money-laundering.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson told at the G-7 meetings in Elmau, Germany, that the ban will “directly dint Russian oligarchs and strike at the heart of Putin’s war machine.”

“Putin is prodigal his dwindling resources on this pointless and harsh war. He is bankrolling his self esteem at the cost of both the Ukrainian and Russian people,” Johnson told.

A White House official said reporters the ban is yet another way to block off ways between the Russian economy and the broader global financial method .

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